Part 2: “Do One Green Thing: Saving the Earth Through Simple, Everyday Choices” by Mindy Pennybacker: Fish

Flounder have both eyes on one side of their head.

Image via Wikipedia

Part 1

Here is another section of her book with some great information about fish.

Here is her site:

–small fish reproduce faster which leads to more of their kind and less over-fishing
–small fish are healthier because they are lower on the food chain and are short-lived so they collect fewer toxins.
–fish can contain mercury or PCB’s (polychlorinated biphenyls), which can cause damage to the nervous system and learning difficulties.

What You Need To Know About Eating Fish – a WebMD article

It is ok to eat these fish every once in awhile, but too much can be risky to your health.
Fish high in mercury or PCB’s and some imported farmed fish because they contain antibiotics banned in the U.S.:

Alewife, Bass (striped-wild), Bluefish, Croaker (white), Eel (regular), Mackerel (King), Marlin, Shad, Shark, Shrimp (imported), Sturgeon (imported-wild), Swordfish, Tuna (albacore-tombo-imported), Weakfish

Mindy Pennybacker has a few lists in her book about fish. She seperates ones that are good or bad for your health and ones that are good or bad for the Earth (sustainability, etc.). Here I will list the ones she put in a category of both:

Good for the Earth and YOU:
Arctic char (farmed), Barramundi (farmed), Bass (striped-farmed), Catfish (U.S.-farmed), Clams, Cod (Pacific and Alaska), Crab (Dungeness, Stone, King-Alaska, snow-imitation/surimi), Flounder and sole (Pacific-true varieties including English sole-plus sanddabs), Haddock (Pacific), Herring (Atlantic sardnes), Lobster (Maine), Mackerel (Atlantic), Mussels (farmed), Oysters (wild-farmed), Perch (Great Lakes-Alaska-B.C.), Pollock (Wild Alaska), Sablefish/Black cod (aka butterfish), Salmon (wild Alaskan-fresh or canned, wild Washinton), Sardines (Pacific), Scallops (bay-farmed), Scallops (sea-wild), Shrimp (U.S.-farmed or wild), Smelt (U.S.), Snapper (red, wild Alaskan, B.C.), Squid, Tilapia (U.S.-farmed), Trout (rainbow-farmed), Tuna (albacore-white-tombo, U.S., Canada-troll or pole-caught), Skipjack tuna (trollor pole caught, fresh or canned, chunk light), Yellowtail, skipjack tuna (U.S.-Kona Kampachi-farmed)
Eco-best Fish List
Monterey Bay Aquarium Seafood Selector

Bad for the Earth and YOU:
Bass (striped-wild), Chilean sea bass (Patagonian Toothfish), Cod (Atlantic, Crab (blue), Flounder and sole (Atlantic including related varieties: winter flounder, lemon sole, sanddabs, fluke, plaice), Grouper, Haddock (trawl-caught), Halibut (Atlantic), Mackerel (King), Marlin (blue), Marlin (striped), Monkfish, Octopus, Orange Roughy, Pike, Salmon (including Atlantic-farmed), Shark, Shrimp (imported), Snapper (pink-Pacific [except NW Hawaiian]), Swordfish, Tilapia (Asia-farmed), Tilefish (aka Golden Snapper), Tuna (albacore-white-tombo, fresh or canned-imported-long-line caught), Tuna (bluefin-Toro), Tuna (bigeye, yellowfin, long-line caught), Yellowtail (Australia or Japan-farmed)

overfishing and by-catch

Fishing Methods:
Marine Stewardship Council
Ecofish label
Limited Access Privilege Program (LAPP)
Community Supported Fisheries (CSF’s)

–choose fish that are plentiful enough to keep reproducing in wild or farmed in fully contained land-based systems (because when they are farmed in water systems the nutrients can pollute and create dead-zones).
to check locally caught or saltwater fish after heavy rain for toxic chemicals or bacteria
Mercury advisories

Other Links:
Monterey Bay Aquarium fish cards
EDF Seafood Selector tool
Blue Ocean’s Fish Phone – 1-877-BOI-SEAS
or Blue Ocean

Happy Eating!!

Part 3

Part 4

Part 5

Part 6

Part 7

Part 8